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GEOGRAPHY 2 (ESSAY ) 2.00PM – 4.00PM
GEOGRAPHY 1 (OBJ ) 4.00PM – 5.00PM

2016 Waec Geography OBJ


Population density is the number of person per unit area of land or per square kilometre of land.

Birth rate is the rate at which children are being given birth to in a country.

optimum population is the number of people that can be supported by by the available resources in an area, so as to achieve the highest possible standard of living.Â

i) Increased birth rate
ii) Prevention of rural to urban migration
iii) Improved health service provision
iv) Industrialisation

i) Road transport
ii) Water transport
iii) Air transport
iv) Rail transport

i) Presence of water fall and cataracts limits the use of rivers

ii) Presence of floating vegetation e.g water weed

iii) Seasonality of most rivers is a problem

iv) Water transport by inland navigation is too slow for people with perishable goods

i) Rivers should be dredged regularly
ii) construction of canals to bye pass water falls and cataracts
iii) Water weed should be equipped refrigerated holds

Conurbations may be broadly seen as having
the following features:
A conurbation is a continuously built-up
area but it does not include ribbon
development. It also does not necessarily
exclude a built-up area separated by a
narrow rural land from the main built-up
area to which it is well-attached.

A conurbation shows high population
density; its population is much greater than that of the nearby towns.

(3aiii) A conurbation has various
miscellaneous industries operating in it
which rely on the reserves of labour,
excellent transport, etc

Six functions of settlements are:
-Military function:some settlement have been
built for military reasons eg Kano and zaria
-Commercial functions:Market centres
situated in centrally located positions such as
the meeting point of roads,rivers and railway
routes eg Katsina,Kano and onitsha
-Minning function:some towns develop as a
result of the presence of attracts
the people who seek employment in the
minning centres eg Jos,Enugu,Porthacourt
-Cultural functionsSome towns perform
cultural functions when they act as the
custordians of the cultures of their areas eg
-Resort functions:some towns provide resort
or holidays to people to rest eg Jos in the jos
plateau is used as health resort by many
Europeans who work in Nigeria because of its
cool climate
-Administrative function:Some towns act as
the administrative capitals of their state.The
seat of government is located in these towns
eg Abuja is the capital of Nigeria,Oyo as the
headquater of yoruba kingdom,Benin as the
capital of Edo knigdom

Section 2.

4c) . Once a dam is constructed, electricity can be produced at a constant rate.
2. If electricity is not needed, the sluice gates can be shut, stopping electricity generation. The water can be saved for use another time when electricity demand is high.
3. Dams are designed to last many decades and so can contribute to the generation of electricity for many years / decades.
4. The lake that forms behind the dam can be used for water sports and leisure / pleasure activities. Often large dams become tourist attractions in their own right.
5. The lake's water can be used for irrigation purposes.
6. The build up of water in the lake means that energy can be stored until needed, when the water is released to produce electricity.
7. When in use, electricity produced by dam systems do not produce green house gases. They do not pollute the atmosphere.

i) ECOWAS aims to promote co-operation and integration in economic, social and cultural activity, ultimately leading to the establishment
of an economic and monetary union through the total integration of the national economies of member states.

ii)It also aims to raise the living
standards of its peoples, maintain and enhance economic stability, foster relations among
member states and contribute to the progress and development of the African Continent.

-Industrialization boost the economy of a particular country
-It create job opportunity for the citizen which thereby improves it economic stability
-Unfavourable government politics do not allow industrilization to thrives
-Heavy tax placed on the industrialist mitigate against the sucesses of it existence
-Lack of motorable roads for the smooth conveyance of industrial goods from production sport to market has hampard industrialization
-Epileptic power supply which makes the industrilization to resort to using costly energy has hampard the program of industrialization
-Government should ensure that the heavy tax rate levied against the industrialization are cut down
-Motorable roads should be constructed across Nigeria roads to ease the smooth transportation of industrial goods
-There should be alternative to hydro energy generated by the country to avoid over reliance on power
-Government should avoid those policies that is repugnant to the setting up of industry in the country

2016 Waec Geography OBJ


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